Go is a procedural programming language. Programs are assembled by using packages, for efficient management of dependencies. This language also supports the environment, adopting patterns alike to dynamic languages.
Because Go language is an effort to combine the ease of programming of an interpreted, dynamically typed language with the efficiency and safety of a statically typed, compiled language. It also aims to be modern, with support for networked and multi-core computing.
Benefits of Golang:
Concurrency is extremely important at our time. It allows multiple processes running simultaneously and effectively. Golang has efficient concurrency, like C, C++, Java, and at the same time concurrency in Go is made much easier thanks to go-routines, channels, and garbage collection.
Features of Golang:
Language Design: The designers of the language made a conscious, purposeful to keep the language simple and easy to understand. The entire detailing is in a small number of pages and some interesting design decisions were made through Object-Oriented support in the language.Towards this, the language is opinionated and recommends an idiomatic way of achieving things. It prefers Composition over Inheritance. In Go Language, “Do More with Less” is the mantra.
Package Management: Go merges modern day developer workflow of working with Open Source projects and includes that in the way it manages external packages. Support is provided directly in the tooling to get external packages and publish your own packages in a set of easy commands.
Powerful standard library: Go has a powerful standard library, which is distributed as packages.
Static Typing: Go is static typed language. So, in this compiler not just work on compiling the code successfully, but also ensures on type conversions and compatibility. Because of this feature Go avoid the all those problems which we face in dynamically typed languages.
Platform Independent: Go language is just like a Java language as it supports platform independence. Due to its modular design and modularity i.e., the code is compiled and is converted into binary form which is as small as possible and hence, it requires no dependency. Its code can be compiled on any platform or any server and application you work on.
Testing Support: Go provides us the unit testing features by itself, i.e., a simple mechanism to write your unit test parallel with your code because of this you can understand your code coverage by your own tests. And that can be easily used in generating your code documentation as an example.